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How To > Patterns > AGSAS Soldiers Sock Pattern

Atlantic Guard Soldiers’ Aid Society
Soldier’s Sock Pattern:

Basic Information:

  • Use four size 5 double ended needles (also called sock pins)
  • Gauge: Approximately 6 stitches to the inch
  • Use Worsted Weight, wool or cotton yarn
  • 8 oz. (400 yards) for sock color
  • 4 oz. (200 yards) for heel, cuff and toe color

Knitting Tip: Do not ever knot your yarn—leave the ends loose and weave them in later. Knots can become uncomfortable bumps over time of wear.


Cast on 48 stitches of cuff color and divide the stitches—16 on each of three needles. For the cuff, knit two, purl two around until you feel the cuff is long enough. (On a period sock studied by AGSAS the cuff was 4 inches!)

Sock Ankle:
Change yarn to sock color. Knit around until sock is about 7 inches long or desired length to top of heel.

Double Thick Heel (the soldier’s preference):
Place 24 stitches on a needle and switch to heel color yarn.
Row 1—With wrong side facing, *slip one, purl one and repeat from * to end of row.
Row 2—Turn. With right side facing, slip first stitch and knit all other stitches.
Repeat these rows until the heel measures 2.5 inches.

To Turn the Heel:
Using the same color as the heel, with wrong side facing:
Row 1—Slip 1, purl 11, purl 2 together, purl 1, turn
Row 2—Slip 1, knit 2, knit 2 together, knit 1, turn
Row 3—Slip 1, purl 3, purl 2 together, purl 1, turn
Row 4—Slip 1, knit 4, knit 2 together, knit 1, turn
Row 5—Slip 1, purl 5, purl 2 together, purl 1, turn
Row 6—Slip 1, knit 6…
Get the idea? Continue in this way, working one more stitch before the decrease in each row, until a total of 12 stitches remain on the heel needle. End with a knit row.

Switch from heel color to sock color. With correct facing, use a crochet hook and make about 14 or 15 stitches on the edge of left side of heel. (Tip: Be sure to make some stitches close to the top of the heel near the sock ankle to prevent holes.) Knit across the 12 instep stitches from the bottom of the heel. Create 14 or 15 more stitches down the other edge of the heel.
Now distribute your stitches on your three needles like this:
Needle A—from middle of heel up side of heel
Needle B—Instep needle (24 stitches)
Needle C—Down the other side to middle of heel
Decrease like this:
Row 1—knit stitches on A, B and C.
Row 2—On A, knit to within three stitches of end, knit two together, knit 1.
On B, knit across.
On C—Knit 1, slip 1, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch, knit to end.
Repeat until 11 stitches remain on each A and C. (22 stitches total between A+C)

Your sock should look like this at this point:
Needle A—11 stitches, Needle B—24 stitches, Needle C—11 stitches = 46 stitches total

Continue foot until it measures 5 ½ inches from center back of heel. Then on needle B, knit two together twice to leave 22 stitches on the needle.

Work 2 more inches or so, or to within 2 ½ inches of desired length. (It is a good idea to get your soldier to trace his foot on a piece of paper and use it as a pattern to determine the length of the foot.)

Switch from sock color to heel color.
Row 1:
Needle A—Knit to within three stitches of end, knit 2 together, knit 1.
Needle B—Knit 1, Slip 1, Knit 1, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch, knit to within 3 stitches of end, knit 2 together, knit 1.
Needle C—Knit 1, Slip 1, pass slipped stitch over knitted stitch, knit to end.
Row 2: Knit.
Keep repeating rows and decrease this way until 12 total stitches remain. Move stitches to two needles, six stitches on each needle. Break off the yarn leaving about a foot. Cast off, or using a blunt needle or your crochet hook, pull the yarn through the remaining stitches. Pull yarn through sock at end and knot well.

Recommended wool yarn suppliers:

Carodan Farm Wool Shop
156 Shepherds Hill Road
Stanardsville, VA 22973
To order or get a swatch card:
(800) 985-7083

Carolton Farm & Fiber
5401 Carolton Lane
Barboursville, VA 22923
(540) 672-2935 or email:

See Knitting & Crochet in Crafts Section for other suppliers.